Advancing the Revelation of Truth
IF WE ALLOW OURSELVES TO BELIEVE THIS, WE WILL BELIEVE ANYTHING.
Let us look at the reality................NEANDERTHAL MAN
Believers in The Word of God are sometimes curious concerning the statement in Genesis chapter 4 verse seven concerning Cain's sin:
If thou doest well, shall thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin coucheth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Adam and Eve being formed on the Third Day in their innocent condition had much time and opportunity to generate a family. Thus I understand this man 'couching at the door' to refer to one of this original Adamic species generated before their loss of innocence at the sin of Adam:
every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew.......the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.......the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam and He took one of his ribs and He made a woman and brought her unto the man
Adam and Eve in their innocent condition lived together for at least three days, i.e. for three hundred years, one week being 700years.[see here] During this time of innocence they could have born many children, as innocent as themselves. Later, during the sixth day, THE Adam and Eve were subjected to God's act of creation, in God's image, followed on the seventh day by his disobedience, eating of the tree of The Knowledge of Good and Evil and losing their innocence and their eternal life. The newly created Adam and his wife then generated Cain/Able/Seth, according to the record in the following chapters of Genesis, dwelling alongside the original Adamic species. This original species of the formed Adam differed from the created Adam, in three ways:
1. They were not self-aware, they did not know good and evil. (Gen 3:22)
2. If the Tree of Life remained available, they would continue to live. (Gen 2:9)
3. They were not created in the image of God (Gen 1:27)
It is very probable that this original Adamic species (mothered by Eve...Gen 3:20) referred to by God when judging Cain as, 'sin coucheth at the door. and unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him', is that which archaeologists call Neanderthal man and could have formed the labourers which Cain used to build his hierarchal empire in the heavens.
This Neanderthal who were generated by the FORMED Adam during his period of innocence, should not be confused with the ADAM and EVE who were created in God's likeness on the sixth day. Neither should they be confused with the Nephilim referred to in chapter six of Genesis at the time of the angelic intervention. The Nephilim, named after their rebellious and exiled forefather Cain, not only occupied Canaan after the Universal Flood, but had previously occupied the heavens. They had copulated with others of the Adamic species to generate the Anakim and tribes such as the Zamzummims and Zuzims etc. (Num 13:33. Deu 9:2) This is contrary to some student's belief that the Nephilim were sterile. It is highly probable that Cain's generation still exists to-day in the heavens and also on the earth. [Gen 2:4 and 4:11-14. 1Chron. 2:55]
It is worth re-emphasising that the Neanderthals were allied to Cain: And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. [Genesis 4:7] and would therefore have been involved in the violence and wars prior to the universal flood [Genesis 6:5-6. Enoch chs. 7 and 8]. Here is a recent short note from the U.K. Daily Telegraph:
NEANDERTHALS WERE NOT STUPID
New evidence shows that Neanderthals were not stupid as had been thought. Archaeologists found a hoard of sophisticated tools, including sharpened spear tips, dating back 35,000 years on a hilltop near Pulborough, West Sussex. The find suggests that there was a thriving population of Neanderthals in the area hunting horses, bison, mammoth and woolly rhinos up until 35,000 years ago. Neanderthals had bigger brains than modern man and are thought to have been able to speak. They lived side by side with modern humans for thousands of years but then vanished. The last group to have survived is thought to have lived in Southern Iberia until 24,000 years ago.
Comment: It is probable that the Neanderthals were wiped out at the time of the Universal Flood in 2476bc, approximately four and a half thousand years ago. The wildly distorted dates of 35,000 and 24,000 years are quoted by scientists who refuse to acknowledge the fact that over the last seven thousand years, the speed of light has dramatically reduced, causing their dating calculations, based upon the decay of the carbon atom inversely linked to that speed, to be in error.
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Here are the contents of a recent article by Roger Highfield
published by The Daily Telegraph. Some of the speculation in
this article is confirmed by the above notes based upon
Here are the contents of a recent article by Roger Highfield published by The Daily Telegraph. Some of the speculation in this article is confirmed by the above notes based upon Scripture Research.
Ceri Radford......Neanderthals Are Us.......Professor Chris Stringer
There is evidence that modern humans not only lived among Homo neanderthalensis but may also have interbred with them, says Roger Highfield
Long ago, the world was ruled by a different kind of a human, a squat and rugged sort who was adapted to the chill of an ice age. From 300,000 years ago, the land of the Neanderthals stretched from Asia to Western Europe, where they hunted with heavy spears in forests and grassland.
The beginning of the end came some 45,000 to 50,000 years ago, when they came across a band of modern humans. No one knows for sure what happened when our ancestors met their robust cousins except that, a few millennia later, the Neanderthal empire was no more.
Even today, the demise of the Neanderthals has the power to chill. The reason for this is that they were so human. What happened to them remains a mystery and will be one of the themes debated this week, as scientists meet at the International Union for Quaternary Research in Cairns, Australia.
The first Neanderthal specimen was recognised in the Neander Valley, outside Düsseldorf, Germany, hence the name. We have known for a long time that Neanderthals reached Britain but new evidence about their reign here is emerging all the time.
A jawbone, thought to be at least 31,000 years old and excavated from Kent's Cavern in Torquay in 1926, is being reassessed by an international team who believe that advances in analytical methods may help establish if it is more ancient than was first thought and is perhaps Neanderthal.
"If it does turn out to be Neanderthal, this would be the first proper mainland late Neanderthal from Britain," says Prof Chris Stringer, of the Natural History Museum, one of the research team and author of Homo Britannicus: The Incredible Story of Human Life in Britain.
Our ancient cousin, Homo neanderthalensis, was formidable. Using methods of manufacture dating back more than a million years, he fashioned weapons and probably hunted in packs.
His peace was disturbed when modern humans made an initial foray into Neanderthal territory some 135,000 to 115,000 years ago but that encroachment ended in the Levant a few tens of millennia later. However, at around the same time, according to one theory of human migration, another group of modern humans set out much further south, at the mouth of the Red Sea, and headed east.
By around 50,000 years ago, the group had pushed into the Levant. They moved on Europe, where they lived side by side with Neanderthals between 43,000 to 38,000 years ago. It was soon after the Neanderthals encountered this second invasion of modern humans that they disappeared from the fossil record.
What happened? To quote Prof Stringer: "When these populations met, did they regard each other as simply people, enemies, alien or even prey?"
One difficulty in working out how these ancient humans rubbed along is that there is a lack of clear evidence of close encounters. That changed two years ago when a paper was published by Prof Paul Mellars, of Cambridge University, and his student Brad Gravina, suggesting the two kinds of human lived together at Grotte des Fées at Châtelperron in France.
The study was criticised but the Cambridge team published a detailed rebuttal. "The importance of the new paper is that it confirms at least 2,000 years of coexistence/overlap between Neanderthals and modern humans in this one small region," said Prof Mellars. "This is the only direct, unambiguous evidence of this so far."
But if they coexisted there for many generations - and this is still subject to dispute - how can it be argued that modern humans wiped out Neanderthals? And if they did not make war, surely they made love?
One important clue comes from shreds of DNA from Neanderthal bone being studied by teams in America and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. Although it will take a couple of years to reconstruct the entire genetic makeup - genome - of Neanderthals, interbreeding appears unlikely to have been significant, according to the latest findings from Svante Pääbo, head of the Max Planck team.
A paper published in last week's issue of the journal Nature reached a similar conclusion. The study of human genetic diversity by Dr Andrea Manica of Cambridge University was combined with measurements of more than 6,000 skulls. "There was no significant flow of genes from Neanderthal (or other ancient human species) to anatomically modern humans," he said.
Not everyone is convinced. Some, like Sarah Tishkoff, of the University of Maryland, point out that the pattern of inheritance of some human genes could be consistent with interbreeding. And there is tantalising evidence of apparent hybrids. Prof João Zilhão, of the University of Bristol, and Prof Erik Trinkaus, of Washington University, described one mosaic of modern and ancient features in a 40,000-year-old modern human cranium found in the Pestera cu Oase (the Cave with Bones) in southwestern Romania.
The reconstructed cranium - named Oase 2 - was flattened at the front and featured exceptionally large upper molars with a size progression found principally among Neanderthals.
Slightly younger bones found at another site in Romania, Pestera Muierii, also suggest hybrid features, along with the 24,500-year-old skeleton of a young boy from Portugal: his prominent chin was characteristic of early modern humans, while the stocky trunk and short limbs of this four-year-old arguably reflected Neanderthal origins. Most recently, a possible hybrid skeleton has been found in China and dated to approximately 40,000 years old by Prof Trinkaus and colleagues.
But there are sceptics who say we need more examples of early modern humans from Africa between 40,000-80,000 years ago to be sure of what really represents Neanderthal features. And it could have been that the hybrids were infertile or shunned by their peers, explaining why DNA studies suggest little interbreeding.
Another remarkable find has been of the last refuge of the Neanderthals, revealed in Gorham's Cave in Gibraltar by Prof Clive Finlayson, of The Gibraltar Museum. He believes there has been too much emphasis on Moderns versus Neanderthals. In the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution, he suggests there were a number of populations at different stages of becoming "modern", followed by extinction of many - including Neanderthals - with only one surviving: our ancestors.
The culprit for the demise of the last Neanderthals, he believes, was rapid climate change which triggered arid conditions. About 45,000 years ago, Europe's climate suddenly switched between warm, and cold and dry. Sediment cores drilled from the sea bed near the Balearic Islands show the average sea surface temperature plunged to 8C (46F), while the modern equivalent ranges from 14C (57F) to 20C (68F).
As a result of the retreat of the forests, the Neanderthals could only survive in ever smaller groups, becoming confined to bolt holes on the Mediterranean coast. They hung on until 28,000 years ago, perhaps even 24,000 years ago. As there is little evidence of our ancestors being present there, it seems that climate change could have delivered the coup de grâce. Here, at the southernmost tip of Europe, the last of the Neanderthals died, isolated and alone.
Although Neanderthals had bony ridges on the front of their skulls, and an odd depression on the back, their brains were actually bigger, on average, than ours are today. They were heavily muscled, stocky and barrel chested.
Some Neanderthal skeletons reveal brutal injuries that could only have healed if they had been helped to survive. They buried their dead. Some may even have paid tribute with flowers, judging by the quantities of pollen present in one grave in Iraq, although sceptics argue these were gerbil nesting materials.
Whether these archaic humans had fully articulated speech, rather than grunts, gestures and pre-language is not known. By one analysis, Neanderthals had a shorter and wider vocal tract than modern humans, which in theory could manage the complex range of sounds needed for speech, albeit at higher pitches.
Unlike our ancestors, who had dark skins, Neanderthals could have been fair-skinned according to genetic evidence and their use of black pigments for body decoration, such as manganese.
Some Neanderthal remains bear scrape marks consistent with cannibalism.
Teeth are central to efforts to reconstruct Neanderthal lifestyles. The degree of development at birth, maturation rate and length of childhood is locked up in growth lines of tooth enamel - like tree rings - along with the growth of molars and roots.
One French study of Neanderthal front teeth suggested that life was brutish and short, with adulthood reached at15, three years earlier than our own ancestors. However, the theory of an attenuated adolescence has been questioned.
One team from Newcastle University found tooth growth was comparable to that of modern populations. And Christopher Dean's team at University College London, analysed two 130,000-year-old Neanderthal teeth found in La Chaise-de-Vouthon, Charente, France. They found the crowns and roots of Neanderthals grew at the same rate, with permanent molar eruption at about seven years and root growth complete by age nine, as in modern children.
The prolonged childhood of modern humans is unique among living primates, and is related to our large brains, which require time to grow and learn. It seems that Neanderthals also took time to develop their brains.
However, the differences between us would have been evident soon after birth, according to a study at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, led by Markus Bastir. "Neanderthal faces were slightly larger than humans," he said. The part of the mouth that carries incisors and canines and affects the size the nasal cavity, appears broader, as one would expect from the big .nose.
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