There follows a charted analysis of the three greek words used in reference to The Hope of the Christian.  These Charts are divided into the following sections:

1. The Gospels.

2. The Acts of The Apostles.

3. The non-Pauline letters to the Christian Jews.

4. Paul's letters written during the Acts Period
including his letter to the Hebrews, as
agreed by most expositors.

5. Paul's letters written after the Acts Period had
come to an end.

6 The non-Pauline letters to the Christian Jews after the Acts Period had come to an end.

7. The Book of Revelation.

Words that stem from the verb: epiphainO are given in the second column headed: epiphania  . epifa[.....]

1.    epiphaneia [1]     noun....... 6 times
2.    epiphainw  [2    verb........ 4 times
3.   epiphauskw          verb........ 1 time
epiphanEs   [4   adjective.. 1 time

Number 3....... epifauskw[3] is used only in Eph 5:14. This verb does not have the same root as 1,2 & 4 above. It is divinely interchanged with the Hebrew word KRFA in Isaiah 60:1. Both verbs have the meaning:

 'to become light':  

                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
MATTHEW  24:3 Christ  
 24:27 Christ
 24:37 Christ
 24:39 Christ
  1:20 Angel of Lord
2:7 Star
2:13 Angel of Lord
 2:19 Angel of Lord
 6:5 hypocrites
 6:16 hypocrites
 6:18 disciples
 9:33 demon cast out
 13:26 tares
 23:27 Pharisees
 23:28 Scribes
 24:30 The sign
12:16 Christ not
24:27 Christ
MARK     1:45 Jesus not
 3:12 Jesus not
 4:22 x 2 nothing hid
 6:14 Jesus' name
 14:64 blasphemy
 16:9 Christ
 16:12 Christ in another form
 16:14 Christ
LUKE   1:79 Christ[2] advent 1st 8:17 x 2 All
 9:8 Elijah ?
 24:11 words
JOHN     1:5 shines
1:31 Christ
 2:11 Christ's Glory
 3:21 Deeds
 5:35 John the B
 7:4 Christ
 7:10 Christ
 9:3 Works of God
 17:6 Name of God
 21:1 x 2 Christ
 21:14 Christ


                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
ACTS   2:20 Day of Lord[4]advent 2nd

27:20 Stars[2]

  4:16 A Sign
  7:13 Joseph
 10:3 Angel of Lord


                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
1 PETER     1:20 Christ in flesh
 5:4 Christ
2 PETER  1:12 Truth 
 1:16 Christ in flesh
 3:4 Christ
 3:12 Day of God
  1:19 lamp,The Word
1 JOHN .


2:28 Christ 




  1:2 x 2 Christ in flesh
 2:19 Antichrists
 2:28 Christ
 3:2 x 2 Children,
 Christ in flesh
 3:5 Christ in flesh
 3:8 Christ in flesh
 3:10 Children of God
 4:9 Love of God
2 JOHN     10 teaching
3 JOHN      
JAMES 5:7 Christ 
5:8 Christ 
  4:14 life                            4:14 life


                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
ROMANS     1:19 x 2 Jew
 2:28 x 2 Jew
 3:21 God's Righteousness
 7:13 sin
 16:26 Mystery
1 CORINTHIANS 15:23 Christ 

6:17 Disciples

   3:13 One's work
  4:5 Council's of the heart
 11:19 approved ones
 12:7 Spirit
 14:25 Heart of Christian
2 CORINTHIANS 10:10 Paul 

7:6 Titus 

7:7 Titus

   2:14God's knowledge    
 3:3 You, a letter of Christ
 4:2 The Truth
 4:10 Life of Jesus
 4:11 Life of Jesus
 5:10 All before
             Judgement Seat
 5:11 x 2 Known
             to God and you
 7:12 Their zeal
 11:6 Paul
 13:7 we
GALATIANS      5:19 Works of flesh
1 THESSALONIANS  4:15 Christ 
 2:19 Christ
 3:13 Christ
 5:23 Christ
2 THESSALONIANS  2:1 Christ 
 2:8 Christ
2:9 Lawless One
2:8 Christ[1] advent 2nd  
HEBREWS      9:8 Sanctury not
 9:26 Christ in flesh


                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
TITUS   2:11 Grace[2] advent 1st
2:13 Christ[1] advent 2nd
3:4 Goodness[2] advent 1st
1:3 God
1 TIMOTHY   6:14 Christ[1] advent 2nd 3:16 Christ in flesh
4:15 Progress of Timothy
2 TIMOTHY   1:10 Christ[1] advent 1st
 4:1 Christ[1]  advent 2nd
 4:8 Christ[1] advent 2nd
1:10 Christ's Grace

 2:12 Paul 
  1:13 Bonds

2:15 Philippians

EPHESIANS   5:14 Christ[3] epiphauskO 5:13 Things in secret
5:14 Christ 
COLOSSIANS     1:26 Mystery--Admin.Grace
 3:4 x 2 Christ and Christian
 4:4 Messianic Mystery
PHILEMON -- --  --


                                      parousia                         epiphania                 phanerOsis
REVELATION     1:16 sun
 8:12 day
 18:23 lamp
 21:23 sun/moon
 3:18 Shame not
 15:4 Ordinances

We have now perceived that Paul's second letter to Timothy was written before he received the revelation from God, concerning the order of this present Administration of Grace. Even before the completion of his struggle to understand and 'gain the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus'(Phil 3:8). The hope associated with the Greek word epiphania, used in that second letter to Timothy, ceases to relate to the Christian's hope during this present Administration. This word is associated with the parousia of Christ at the opening of The Day of The Lord. We have seen in the above charts that the use of these words[parousia  and epiphania] is limited in the N.T. to those years before this present Administration of Grace.  Contrary to the belief of many Christians, those years included the writing of Paul's Second letter to Timothy. 

On pages 15 & 16, the table shows that the parousia of Christ, His personal presense, refers to two events:

Firstly.....To the time of His ministry in Palestine between 27ad and 30ad.......2Pet 1:16. This aspect of Christ's parousia is also referred to using another word...fanerwsis(phanerOsis) in the following places: 1Pet 1:20, 1John 1:2, 3:5,8. 2Cor 4:10,11. Heb 9:26. 1Tim 3:16. Luke has recorded Zacharia's prophecy, in which he announces that The Christ will deliver his people from their enemies at the time of His epiphania, i.e. Christ's Blazing Forth or Glorious Manifestation(Luke 1:79)

Secondly........As the hope of those Christians who came to know Christ through His ministry, and that of the Apostles to the revelation of the Mystery of The Administration of The Grace of God. Its fulfillment is described in the Book of Revelation 19:11-13, & Mat 24:3,27,37,39.
Peter refers to this future event: 2Pet.3:4, as does James: 5:7,8. John tells us in his first letter that this
future event will be an enlightenment to many, 1John 2:28.

Paul tells the Thessalonians about it and refers to the Lawless One in the same way. He also explains(2Thes 2:8) that the event will be accompanied with an epiphania, a 'Manifestation in Glory'. He chooses to use the word epiphania of Christ when writing to Titus and both times to Timothy.

By the time Paul writes to the Philippians, he makes no reference to either the parousia or the epiphania, even though it is a strong letter of encouragement. This is an indication of his desire to be identified with Christ and therefore His resurrection, no longer mentioning Christ's parousia and epiphania. However he encourages the Philippians: 'this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment; that ye may prove the things that differ, that you may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ'.

When the Mystery of The Grace of God had been revealed to Paul, in what way does he refer to the Hope of those Christians who now live under this Graceful Administration of God ?   It is described in the following statements in his letters to 'the Saints and faithful bretheren in Christ'.

'Ephesians' and Colossians:

to the Saints and faithful bretheren in Christ, Grace to you and peace from God our father.


When Christ who is our life appears[phanerOthE], then you also will appear with Him in Glory.


But all things that are reproved are made manifest[phaneroutai] by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest[phaneroumenon] is light. Wherefore He saith:  Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall shine upon[epiphausei] thee.
3rd person singular, future, indicative of the verb...epiphauO...... meaning:  'to shine upon, to appear unto'. It does not occur elswhere in the N.T.]

We can now increase our understanding of this revelation regarding our Hope, because the last quotation is referred from a statement by Isaiah:

Isaiah chapter 60:1: 

Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
has risen |on you |Jehovah |and the Glory of |your light |for has come | shine | Arise |

There follows an analysis of these statements, phrase by phrase, showing that by cross reference we have been given a remarkable understanding of our Hope in Christ which takes place at the conclusion of this present Administration of God's Grace.

1. Who are 'the saints and faithful bretheren*

Saints are those who are sanctified by God through belief and trust in Jesus Christ. This sanctification is confirmed by the presence of The Holy Spirit. No earthly mediator is authorised by God to distribute this veneration, Christ is The only Mediator(1Tim 2:5). Faithful are those who not only believe the Word of God but have an active trust in the living Christ. Their everyday life is based upon prayer, praise, thankfullness and supplication. (*in the initial greeting to the Colossians, but in the closing verses of the 'Ephesian' letter)

2. What is meant by 'when Christ appears' ?

(Greek: ho tan ho christos phanerO)  At the time that Christ is plainly recognised and known.

3. What is the implication of the phrase 'Christ who is our life' ?  (Greek: hE dzOE hEmOn)

The Greek word dzOE (pronounced 'dzowee') means 'The Life of God' compared with the limited breath of life given to Adam and so to ourselves. Upon belief and trust in Christ, the Christian inherits dzOE where there is no condition of death (John 11:25-27). dzOE is his potential. Death in the scripture is a condition into which the unbeliever enters until his judgement by God. In this phrase the Colossian Christians are reminded that even though they 'sleep', having dzOE they will be present when Christ is manifest.(see below)

4. What is the condition described as 'in glory' ?

(Greek: en doxE)  in a most glorious condition, a most exalted state, highly esteemed.

5. What is the meaning of 'all things that are reproved' ?

 all these things(Eph 5:3-5) by conviction are exposed.

6. What is the meaning of 'made manifest by the light' ?

(Greek: hupo tou phOtos phaneroutai) by the light made known, what was hidden or unknown.

7. What is 'Awake thou that sleepest' ?

(Greek: egeire [egeirO], ho katheudOn)  arise from a state of moral sloth to an active life devoted to God, O sleeping one, indifferent to one's salvation.

8. How shall they 'arise from the dead' ?

(Greek: anasta[anistEmi] ek tOn nekrOn). Be standing up out from(amongst) those that are dead(as a person asleep on a bed). (Christ calls 'death'...sleep[see John 11:11--14])

9. What is the meaning of 'Christ shall give thee light' ?

(Greek: kai epiphausei [epiphauO] soi ho Christos) Christ will pour upon you the light of divine truth(as the sun gives light to men aroused from sleep)

10. What is 'Arise' ? (Hebrew: YMWQ)

To arise from a seat or a bed, a word of incitement

11. What is the meaning of 'shine' ? (Hebrew: YRFA)

This is again a command. 'Shine, be bright', i.e. be surrounded, be resplendent with light.

12. What is the meaning of 'thy light is come' ? (Hebrew: KRFA AB YK)

The House of Judah's surrounding and resplendent light is come

13. What is 'the Glory of The Lord' ? (Hebrew: HWHY DFBKW)

The majesty, glory and splendour of Jehovah, the covenant God of Israel.

14. How can the Glory be 'risen upon thee' ? (Hebrew: XRZ KYLI)

To scatter rays, as the rising sun, upon[equivalent greek: epi] the House of Judah.


Thus: The Hope of believers in this present Administration of God's Grace is:

1. The manifesting(phaneroO) of Christ in His Glory, His esteem.
2. The believer's manifestation with Christ in His Glory.

From these other passages the meaning can be confirmed as 'enlightening the mind'. The mind is given 'proof positive' of the person of The Christ. The life(gk...dzOE) of Christ coming to be on all those that are His....those who are alive and those who were asleep and then raised. These privileged ones are quickened, i.e. they are 'lifted' to a new level of God's creation being given bodies of Glory, even as the resurrected, raised and quickened body of Christ. They are to be quickened with Christ(Eph 2:6).

To those of us who, through the record of The New Testament, have come to recognise the importance of Our God, even The Lord Jesus Christ, and have committed our lives in His Salvation, Paul says:  For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall YE also appear with him in glory.(COL 3:3-4)

Notice that Paul does NOT say: 'then shall WE also appear with him in glory', but uses only the second person plural: YE. Thus he confirms that he is not manifest at this time. For him, God's intention is not made clear in this passage.