Throughout the history of Israel, the people were familiar with the Old Testament prophesies concerning the coming of  God's Kingdom, in which He Himself would reign in absolute justice and righteousness. 

It was important that the Children of Israel should be aware of those days which would lead up to the establishment of that Kingdom.....The Last Days.  Through the Scriptures, God has taught Israel many things concerning this period in order to make them aware of His needs and the future condition of the twelve tribes themselves: 

This period of introduction, The Last Days, was to last for 520 years. It began at the birth of Jesus Christ.  It included God's action at the time of Pentecost in 30ad, when the Apostle Peter explained that the Jews on whom The Spirit had been poured, were not full of wine....

"but this is that which was spoken through the prophet Joel: And it shall come to pass in The Last Days saith God, I will pour out of My Spirit upon all flesh.....before that great and glorious day of The Lord come".

This introductory period continued in 45ad, being confirmed by the Apostle James in his letter to the twelve tribes where he said 'You have heaped up treasure in The Last Days'.  Yet again, the writer to the Hebrews in 53ad tells them 'In these Last Days, God had spoken to us by His Son'. And finally, in 56ad with urgency the Apostle John writes to the 'little children' of Israel telling them: 'It is The Last Hour'.

But then, because God judged the Israelites to be unready, a great change takes place in 62ad. God refuses to accept the lukewarm attitude if His Children, telling them that they will no longer be able to understand or perceive His expression. nor be responsible for The Salvation of God, which would then pass to the nations.

For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.  Be it known therefore unto you, that the salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear it.    [Acts 28:27] 

God's special relationship with His children was terminated and the remaining 485 years of The Last Days was postponed. because they were not ready for the full establishment of The Kingdom of Heaven in Israel.

It is clear from The Scripture that much yet needs to be fulfilled in the 520 years of The Last Days, so we recognize that God's withdrawal from His Children Israel, is only temporary. This is confirmed in two other letters, the first written by Peter in about 63ad, to the remaining faithful brethren when he writes 'there shall come in The Last Days, mockers'. Secondly, in 65ad the Apostle Paul tells us in his second letter to Timothy: This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come'.

It is from these facts that we recognize that most of the prophesies concerning this period of The Last Days remain to be fulfilled. God has promised to remove these Spiritual restrains upon His Children by restoring their Spiritual hearing and sight to perceive and understand:

Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompense; he will come and save you. Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.  Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.    [Isaiah 35:4-6] 

When God does this, The Last Days will recommence. and the source of Salvation will return to The Jews. 

When the Apostle Paul wrote his second letter to Timothy, he knew that the prophesied period of THE LAST DAYS had been aborted due to the unbelief of Israel. However, God gave him details concerning the depravity of people at the time when the Last Days recommence:

Section 1.  This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters,  proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such  turn away. For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive  silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts, Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

This passage is addressed to Christians, but it describes men generally. It is the last recorded prophesy in The Scriptures concerning The Last Days. Many believe that the character of those described by this passage could relate to people living to-day. Finally, God describes a special condition which would arise at the time when His Children are being prevented from entering the kingdom which He has prepared for them:

Section 2Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.

 A typical analysis of its meaning can be read here. 

However, it is true to say that this prophetic statement needs all its elements to be present before The Last Days will have recommenced. There are people who claim Godliness to-day, many of whom demonstrate their faith to be hollow and misguided. They are concerned primarily with affairs of this world and do not give their mind to things above. They demand from God those Spiritual gifts which God gave as a witness to the authority of His Kingdom in Israel, both of which were suspended in 62ad.

During this present time however, the Christian lives by the Grace of God alone, by faith and not by sight. He is challenged to live by faith upon God's Word alone. He awaits the re-establishment of this Kingdom subjecting the whole world, when God will again pour out His Spirit, then upon all flesh. 

If Section 1 of this prophesy is active to-day, Section 2. most certainly is not, except in the very limited sense of demonic spirits attempting to counterfeit those Gifts of God described by Paul to the Corinthians.......healing, power, prophesy, teaching and tongues...etc.

Without going into the Greek and Hebrew semantics of the two names: Jannes and Jambres, it can be shown that they strongly resemble names of angelic powers who have been given guardianship of nations, two of which relate to the state of Egypt. At the time of Moses, Egypt was divided into upper and lower Kingdoms. We recall that God had placed an archangel Michael, to watch over the affairs of Israel. The Scriptures record that some angels, or 'princes' oppose the will of God. An example of which is the opposition of the 'prince' of Persia to the angel Gabriel. [Daniel 10:12-14]. 

These are the powers which lay behind the Egyptian magicians or magi, when they opposed the demand of God, delivered by Moses and Aaron.......'Let My People Go!'    These angelic powers attempted to belittle the actions and power of God by copying, or counterfeiting His challenging acts. The heart of the Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, was hardened. He did not submit to the miraculous judgments imposed upon his country. 

The passage in Section 2. tells us that the type of man living at the time when The Last Days recommence. resists the Truth in the same way as the magi were empowered to resist the miracles of God by Moses and Aaron. It tells us that they are' of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.'  These are strong words explaining their depravity and corruption, and as far as faith in God is concerned they are unworthy, disapproved, impossible to stand the test of Godliness. This implies that  they will attempt to proclaim Godliness before all men,

So, what exactly does the Scripture mean when it says: 'Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the  truth'.  These angelic powers counterfeited the actions of God, that is clear. So in that way, when The Last Days recommence,  unGodly, unworthy and disapproved men will counterfeit the Truth, that is the fact expressed in The Scriptures. It does not say that they will counterfeit the coming actions of God, although that may be possible. But there is one interesting point which is common to both the actions of the evil magi and the prophesied actions of  the unGodly men. Both actions are cut short by God's intervention.

The magi are able to counterfeit three actions of God's judgements, firstly Aaron's rod changed to a serpent, secondly the waters of the Nile turned to blood and finally the frogs introduced into all the intimate activities of the people of Egypt. Against this we are told that when the Last Days recommence, there will come a point in the actions counterfeiting The Truth when God will not allow these unGodly men to continue.

The Question arises: 

1.  Can we gain Spiritual insight into the details of these coming actions of the fulfilment of The Truth and its counterfeit by these unGodly men ? 

 2.  Further, can these actions in any way be enlightened by a deeper understanding of the counterfeited actions of God before Pharaoh ?

From the Scriptures, we know what God will do to re-establish the authority of His Children, the Tribes of Israel, as soon as The Last Days recommence. At the rebellion[1Kings 12:1-24], the twelve tribes were split into two factions. This was an act of God making the ten rebellious tribes act under the title of Ephraim, and the two honourable tribes under the title of Judah. Later in 680bc, God told Ephraim, by the prophet Hosea, that the ten tribes would become 'Not my People' and be scattered in the world.  Much later in 62ad God Spiritually blinded and deafened Judah because of their lukewarm attitude to the introduction of His Kingdom, but He will, in His mercy, reverse these actions when He determines to establish His Kingdom.[Isaiah 35:4-6]

Firstly, He will reverse his action of Spiritual blindness and deafness imposed in 62ad[Acts 28:26-27], upon The House of Judah-Israel, the Jews by the prophesy of Paul the Apostle.  

Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompense; he will come and save you. Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.  Isaiah 35:4 

Secondly, He will no longer regard the House of Ephraim-Israel as 'Not my People', a condition imposed upon them in about 680bc[Hos 1:8-9] by the prophesy of Hosea.

and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, 'Ye are Not my People', there it shall be said to them 'Ye are the Sons of The Living God'. Hosea 1:10

Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.  And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: .................  And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.  And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.  Hosea 2:14

By this God will be telling the world that the twelve tribes of Israel are His Children. He will probably have to plead with the nations to 'Let my people go', because, as we have seen above,  Israel is at present scattered throughout the world and must return to their promised land before the Kingdom can be established with their King at the head. The Land is at present occupied by a people calling themselves 'Israelis', the majority of whom are not the people of God. This mixture of peoples is there in defiance of God's purposes, even as the Canaanites and Nephilim were, prior to the occupation of Canaan by Joshua and the Israelites in 1454bc.

Let us now look in more detail at the first four miraculous acts of God imposed upon Egypt and Pharaoh in order to persuade them to release the twelve tribes of Israel. These are detailed in   A.  B.  C.  AND  D.  BELOW.

A.   And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,  When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shew a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.  And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.

Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments. For they cast down each man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods. 

And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said. [Ex.  7:8]

Aaron's rod or staff was the symbol of his authority in relation to the tribes of Israel. In fact the Hebrew word for it contains also the meaning of 'tribe', especially that of the tribes of Israel. In the Old Testament times, Egypt was known as a type of the world. The Magi, by casting their staffs down before Aaron and Moses were stating their authority over the tribes of the world. However, when the staves became serpents, the final authority of the tribe of Israel was demonstrated by Aaron's staff swallowing those of the magi.

This ultimate authority of Israel in the world, is stated in many ways and many places in the Scripture, but the action of the magi at the time of Moses, teaches us that at the time of the recommencement of The Last Days, when God again calls Ephraim-Israel 'His People' and grants Spiritual sight and hearing to Judah-Israel, we can expect to see God's action counterfeited by the authority of other tribes. 

What other tribes would regard themselves as having such authority?  

It is not difficult to perceive who the principle tribes will be.  Although the Children of Israel are the tribe chosen by God, both the tribes  of Ishmael and that of Esau believe that they have good reason to challenge God who chose

  1. Isaac before Ishmael his elder brother,  

  2. Jacob before Esau his twin elder brother. 

1.   Ishmael was the firstborn of Abraham. Normally the inheritance of the promises made to Abraham would have been his. However God had already determined that His promise of a son for Abraham would be honoured in due time and upon that son Isaac, would the birthright continue. This gave Ishmael cause for jealousy and hate against Isaac and his descendents. But God said:

And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. Genesis 17:20

Nevertheless, as we know to-day, the descendants of Ishmael, the Arab nations, desire only the death of Israel. In order to establish the continuity of this relationship, the Scripture lists his twelve sons:

Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham:  And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, 

        Nebajoth; and Kedar,    and Adbeel,

 and Mibsam,  And Mishma, and Dumah, 

and Massa,             Hadar,    and Tema, 

      Jetur,                Naphish, and Kedemah: 

These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.  Genesis 25:12 

It is the descendants of these twelve sons who to-day confront Israel and the Jews worldwide.......Syria, Iran, The Palestinians, and all those who are influenced by the proposition that, if Israel is disposed of, they will inherit the promises made to him.

2.  Esau himself, became very bitter against his younger twin brother, Jacob/Israel. 

He had lost his birthright when he gave it to Jacob  It included: 

(1) the Father's blessing and supremacy, all those made to Abraham and Isaac including the covenant made by God with Abram in Genesis 13:18-20: 

To thy seed I have given this land from the river of Egypt as far as the Great River, the river Euphrates..........The Kenite, and the Kenizzite, and the Kadmonite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Rephaim, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Girgashite, and the Jebusite. 

(2) A double portion

(3) The domestic priesthood


It came about in this way:

And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom ['red' after the red pottage]. And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright. And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?  And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright. GEN 25:30 

He had lost his blessing as the elder son when Jacob deceived him:

  • God give thee of the dew of heaven, 

  • and the fatness of the earth, 

  • and plenty of corn and wine: 

  • Let people serve thee, 

  • and nations bow down to thee: 

  • be lord over thy brethren, 

  • and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: 

  • cursed be every one that curseth thee, 

  • and blessed be he that blesseth thee.  

It was taken from him by subterfuge and by God's allowance because he unfaithfully disregarded the authority of God Himself.  It came about in this way:

And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife 

  • Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and 

  • Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite: 

Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to Rebekah.  And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I.  And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death:  Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison;  And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die.  And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. 

And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it.  And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying, Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death.  Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command thee.  Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth:  And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death.  

And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man:  My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.  And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me them. And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved.  

And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her  in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son:  And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:  

And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.  And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son?  And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy first born; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.  

And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought it to me.  And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not.  And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. 

And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him.  And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am.  And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine and he drank.  And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son.  And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, 

Here the deceit reaches its height, Abraham believing that it is Esau who has provided the savoury meat and the bread, gives Esau's blessing to Jacob saying:

See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed

And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.  

The plot is discovered and Esau is distraught

And Esau also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me.  

And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau.  And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.  

And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father.  And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing.  

And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? 

And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?  And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. 

And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, 

Isaac then gives what blessing he can to Esau

  • Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, 

  • and of the dew of heaven from above;  

  • And by thy sword shalt thou live, 

  • and shalt serve thy brother; 

  • and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, 

  • that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.  

There follows Esau's expression of hatred of Jacob which has prevailed from that time forward

And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. 

And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee.  Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran;  And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother's fury turn away;  Until thy brother's anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day?   Genesis 26:34 

Esau became a great nation by marrying the daughters of Canaan......the Hittite and the Hivitite women, and the daughter of Ishmael

Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;  And Bashemath Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.  Genesis 36:1  

  • And Adah bare to Esau........................Eliphaz; 

  • and Bashemath bare........................... Reuel;  

  • And Aholibamah bare.......................... Jeush,  and Jaalam, and Korah: 

these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan.  And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. 

Moving away from Jacob, Esau came to dwell in Mount Seir, the home of The Nephilim.

Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.  And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir: 

These are the names of Esau's sons; 

1.  Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau,And the sons of Eliphaz were 

  • Teman, 

  • Omar, 

  • Zepho, and 

  • Gatam, and 

  • Kenaz. 

2.  And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; 

and she bare to Eliphaz 

  • Amalek:

these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.

3.  Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau.  

And these are the sons of Reuel; 

  • Nahath, and 

  • Zerah, 

  • Shammah, and 

  • Mizzah: 

these were the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife. 

4.  And these were the sons of Aholibamah, 

the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau 

  • Jeush, and 

  • Jaalam, and 

  • Korah. 

The scripture then repeats the names of all the sons of Esau, calling them dukes, thirteen in all with one addition, making fourteen, duke Korah, who presumably was not 'born unto him in the land of Canaan.'

These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; 

duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: 

these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah. 

And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; 

duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: 

these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.  

And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; 

duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: 

these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife. 

These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes. [14 in all]

With this well detailed list, we might think that this would be all that was needed to define those that dwelt in the Land of Edom, i.e. The Land of Esau. Not so!  The Scripture continues to put before us those that dwelt with the Dukes of Esau, the sons of Seir the Horite. These are those who were descended from Cain by his sons, The Nephilim. These two generations are of the same mind, to utterly resist the plans and purposes of God. So the Scripture goes on to define the Horites:

GEN 36:20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land;  the dukes that came of the Horites; 

  • duke Lotan, 

  • duke Shobal, 

  • duke Zibeon,

  • duke Anah, 

  • duke Dishon, 

  • duke Ezer, 

  • duke Dishan: 

these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.  

And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. 

  • And Bela              the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah. And Bela died, 

  • and Jobab           the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. And Jobab died, 

  • and Husham       of the land of Temani reigned in his stead.  And Husham died, 

  • and Hadad           the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name

  •                                of his city was Avith.  And Hadad died, 

  • and Samlah         of Masrekah reigned in his stead.  And Samlah died, 

  • and Saul               of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.  And Saul died, 

  • and Baalhanan   the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. And Baalhanan the son of Achbor died, 

  • and Hadar            reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the

  •                                 daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 

And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; 

  • duke Timnah, 

  • duke Alvah, 

  • duke Jetheth, 

  • duke Aholibamah, 

  • duke Elah, 

  • duke Pinon, 

  • duke Kenaz, 

  • duke Teman, 

  • duke Mibzar, 

  • duke Magdiel, 

  • duke Iram: 

these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.

This tediously long list of the family of The House of Esau and those with whom they dwelt, the Horites, is defined with great care in the Scripture. There is no greater generation except those which define that of The Lord Jesus Christ. 

We might ask, why?  

All these men and women are defined and accountable. They form the basis of the continuous opposition to the House of Israel. They chose to dwell with the remnant of the generation of Cain, the Nephilim, to form a united opposition to all that God purposes on this planet Earth.

The relationship between Cain's generation and that of Esau Has been hidden from students of The Word of God because of three major errors of interpretation:

  • Failure to appreciate that the name 'Nephilim' meaning 'fallen ones' [Hebrew: oylpnh] is a description of the condition of their founder, Cain whose character before God was determined by his rebellion described by the phrase in the KJV as 'his countenance fell'. The Scripture tells us that Cain 'was wroth'. In the Amplified Bible Cain's condition is described as 'exceedingly angry and indignant, he looked sad and depressed'. The key to this condition is in the Hebrew: lp the root of the word 'fall'

  • The misinterpreting of the following sentence from chapter 6 of Genesis:

There were Nephilim in the Earth in those days; and also after that, when the Sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown

Several classes of individual beings are referred to here: The Nephilim, The Sons Of God, The daughters of Men, children and mighty men, men of renown. It is grammatically clear that it is The Sons of God that have children by the daughters of men. There is no doubt concerning that as a fact.

Where the general interpretation is incorrect is the assumption that 'the same' i.e. 'the children' refers to The Nephilim, whereas a correct reading relates the 'children' to the mighty men/the men of renown. Put simply, The Nephilim are stated to be present in the Earth when the Sons of God came in unto the daughters of men.  By this it is clear that The Nephilim are a separate class of individual.

This misinterpretation has been perpetuated by an interpretation of a corrupt passage in the Greek version of The Book of Enoch chapter VII verses 1 and 2.

  • Failure to recognise that the statement 'These are the Generations of The Heaven and The Earth' in Genesis chapter 2 refers to that which follows and not that which precedes.                The Book of Genesis is divided into Generations, details of which are given following every statement: 'These are the Generations[ hdlt....HDLT ] of.........'. The Generation in question is the first such list, defining those who generated The Heavens and those who generated The Earth. It deals with the story of Adam and Eve with their three sons Cain, Able and Seth. Adam to Cain is shown to generate the Heavens [Cain tells God: 'Behold, thou hast driven me out from the face of The Earth' Gen 4:14 See also here] and Adam to Seth is that generation which the Scripture record tells us has generated The Earth [See the generations of Adam...Gen 5:1].

From these points it is clear that The Nephilim, i.e. The Generation of Cain, occupied the Heavens, i.e. the planets[see here] and returned to Earth at the time that the Sons of God sinned before their Father. We know that The Universal Flood was God's Judgement upon all mankind, cleansing The Earth of the genetic pollution caused by The Sons of God. The Nephilim returned to Earth after The Flood, living amongst men and according to Scripture generating many tribes by different names such as: The Rephaim, the Zuzim, the Zamzuzim, the Horites, the Anakim etc. They dwelt in Mount Seir and were joined later by the generation of Esau, i.e. Edom.

The following chart shows Cain's family tree, concluding with that tribe which perpetuated his name, The Kenites[/yq].



To summarise:

1.   The Kenites were descended directly from the Horites.

2.   The Horites occupied Mount Seir.

3.   The Horites [Horim] were of the Nephilim.

4.   Seir was the home of the Edomites [Esau].

5.   The Edomites lived with the descendents of the Nephilim.

Thus the tribes of Cain and Esau were joined in their opposition to God's people Israel together with the tribe of Ishmael:

    1.   Cain by his resentment and exile from the generation of Adam/Seth and 

    2.   Esau/Edom by the loss of his birthright and blessing. 

    3.   Ishmael is included because of the loss of his inheritance as firstborn.

Therefore in conclusion, we can recognize the Spiritual meaning of the actions of Moses and his opponents The Magi, before Pharaoh King of Egypt.  The tribe of Israel will overcome the opposition of those tribes which are determined on his downfall. The Scriptures confirm this action throughout the words of the prophets.

That concludes the description of those who oppose the purposes of God through His children, The Whole House of Israel.    We  must now consider the Spiritual meaning of the second action of Moses before Pharaoh. God tells Moses to:

B.   Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river's brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand.  And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear. Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.  And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river.  And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.  And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.  And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. 

And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said.    Ex.  7:1

God's power over life and death is prominently displayed in this action. The life of Egypt, its river, is subjected to the life of God, the blood, which is both the earthly life of our bodies and the Spiritual life of god's children.

C.   Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.  And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:  And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs:  And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.  And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.  And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.

And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.  Exodus 7:25

Frogs represent evil spirits. When they come in like a flood [Isaiah 59:19] there will be no peaceful rest and no unpolluted food. Their peace and the very Bread of Life will cease.

D.   Moses is commanded to stretch out your rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.  At this point, the Magi are no longer able to counterfeit the actions of God.  The magicians attempted to do likewise, but could not. Then the magicians had to confess to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God

This action of God brings to an end any ability of the magi to counterfeit it.  Paul has told Timothy that in The Last Days the ungodly will counterfeit The Truth, until they can progress no further: for their folly shall be manifest to all as that of the magi was.

These are the four actions of the magi of Egypt that Paul referred to when explaining to Timothy the means by which evil men and seducers will withstand The Truth in The Last Days.

Analysis and Conclusion

What then is the purpose of this counterfeit action ?   As with any counterfeit, it attempts to persuade those to whom it is applied, to accept a false purpose, condition or circumstance. The purpose of this particular example, generated by evil men and seducers, is to lead believers in The Christian Scriptures to accept a circumstance which appears to be true. Believers look forward to the time when God, by Jesus Christ, will be manifested to establish His kingdom on Earth. Because of many extraordinary happenings, believers today, early in the 21st century, are being led to accept that this imminent change is the manifestation of their Hope. 

The Christ Himself told his disciples what to expect when these changes began

And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.  And as he sat upon the mount of Olives,

the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the age?  And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. 

1.  For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.

2.  And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. 

3.  For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom:

4.  and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. 

All these are the beginning of sorrows.    Matthew 24:1

At this time, early in the 21st century, many global catastrophies are at present being experienced. Because of this, Christians are being led to believe that Christ will shortly return.  Astute people recognize that small disasters are being 'hyped up by the media' to fulfill that impression. Earthquakes, pandemics,  food shortages and wars, particularly in third world countries are reported. Local wars abound in Africa, the Near East and South America. The threat of a universal war is constantly reported. The momentum underlying all these things is increasing, the media seeming to make the most of it.

The casual reader of the Christian Scripture sees in all this the possible fulfillment of its prophetic statements, wishing to hope that The Christ's Second Coming will shortly bring it to an end.

The apostle Paul has told us that The Last Days will be characterized by men who will resist the Truth by withstanding it in the way that the Magi withstood Moses. The Record tells us that the Magi copied God's acts in an attempt to display before Moses and Pharaoh a power as great as that of God.

Thus the increasing hazards and disasters which we are experiencing to-day, at the beginning of the second decade of the 21st Century could well prove to be the beginning of an action attempting to withstand The Truth of God. If this is so, what can mankind expect in the near future?  

The disasters quoted in Matthew chapter 24 will lead directly to the Second Advent of The Lord Jesus Christ. The Evil One's intention is to copy them in order to lead Christians to accept that Christís Second Advent is imminent, and thereby allow the evil one to introduce his own World Order in an attempt to pre-empt that of God. What warning is being portrayed for our understanding by these four events ?  The meaning of the  plagues applied by Moses and counterfeited by the Magi will teach us what to expect.  We are dealing here with some important symbols established by God:


A.  Egypt as a nation represents the world and its order, ruled by rebellious angelic powers.[]

B.  Aaron's Staff represents the authority of the Twelve tribes of Israel. The Hebrew word for staff is    MATTAH   [Gesenius (Strong 4294) (3)] the same as SHEBET (Strong 7626).

C.  The Magi's staves represent the earth's organized tribes.

D.  The river of Egypt sustains and represents the life of Egypt. []

E.  The blood is the true life of God's order. We are told that 'The Life is in The Blood'. [Lev. 17:11,14]. The life of God is in the blood of Jesus Christ [Romans 3:25].

F.  Jannes and Jambres are Upper and Lower Egypt's defending angelic powers. [See Daniel:10:13]

G.  Frogs symbolize unclean spirits, i.e. demons [Revelation 16:13]

We can now apply this understanding and interpret the action of the ungodly when they attempt to confront the Truth when The Last Days recommence

First Action.  The Staves.

God's challenge to the World Order is to establish His people, the Nation of Israel, both the House of Judah-Israel and the House of Ephraim-Israel, in their promised Land from the River of Egypt to the River Euphrates. The symbol of that authority, Aaron's staff, consumes all other authorities symbolized by the staves of  the Magi.

Second Action.  The River Nile and the blood.

The Life of the world is in its waters, not its seas. Without those waters there would be no life. The life of a man is in his blood, whilst God's life, offered to man, is found only in the blood of The Sacrificial Lamb,  Jesus Christ. The waters of the world can give only temporary life, but the blood of God can give eternal life. The world's spirit rulers [Eph 6:12] will attempt to confront this principle by counterfeiting it, but God's gift will raise all Israel to Life [Ezekiel ch.37].

Third Action.   The frogs in all Egypt.

God has promised to empower all members of His kingdom with the manifestation of His Spirit, an example of which was recorded amongst the early churches up to the time when the House of Judah was made Spiritually blind, deaf and without understanding in 62ad. Over the intervening years, many misguided men and women have sought this power and unknowingly accepted a counterfeit supplied by the evil one. This power in the form of demonic activity will be poured out like a flood [Isaiah 59:19] when God supplies His faithful ones with the Power of The Sanctifying Spirit.

Fourth Action.  The stinging insects in all Egypt.

The angelic opposition manifested through the Magi could no longer withstand the power of God. Their plan was defeated and made to look ridiculous 'even as those who will counterfeit the Truth in The Last Days.


1. given in Isaiah 59:  When the enemy shall come in like a flood the Spirit of The Lord shall cause him to flee, and The Redeemer shall come to Zion and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith The Lord.


2. given in 2Timothy.   But these men shall proceed no further, for their folly shall be manifest unto all men as theirs [i.e. the Magi and the forces of The Pharaoh] also was.

  When this occurs, God will cause all those who are His true Children to: Arise, Shine for your Light has come and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee'. [Isaiah 60:1]At the same time all those who love The Lord Jesus Christ will shine fort with Him in Glory.   [Colossians 3:4]


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